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November 20, 2017

Cover Crops for Clean Water

Cover Crops for Clean Water
Edited by W.L. Hargrove
1991
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Contents

Front Matter

Preface

 

INTRODUCTION

The Challenge of Clean Water

Don O. Richardson

 

EXPECTATIONS

 

Expectations of cover crops for sustainable agriculture

R. Lal, E. Regnier, D. J. Eckert, W. M. Edwards, and R. Hammond

 

An information data base on cover crops

Jill ShoreAuburn and Robert Bugg

 

WIND AND WATER EROSION

 

Cover crop effects on soil erosion by wind and water

G. W. Langdale, R. L. Blevins, D. L. Karlen, D. K. McCool, M. A. Nearing, E. L. Skidmore, A. W. Thomas, D. D. Tyler, and J. R. Williams

 

Effects of crop residue and tillage practices on water infilitration and crop production

George C. Naderman
 

Soil surface condition effects on runoff and erosion on selected vineyard soils

P.J.E. Louw and A.T.P. Bennie

 

Cover crop experience in South Coastal British Columbia

Geoff A. Hughes-Games and Ron A. Bertrand

 

Oat cover cropping in sugarcane for weed and erosion control in Hawaii

Carl I. Evensen and Robert V. Osgood

 

Permanent cover crops for vineyards

Frederick B. Gaffney and Martin van der Grinten

 

Conservation of soil and water by using a new tillage system for row crops

Manfred Estler

 

Cover crops for wind erosion control in semiarid regions

J. D. Bilbro

 

Measuring cover crop soil moisture competition in north coastal California vineyards

Phillip Blake

 

SURFACE WATER IMPACTS

 

Effect of cover crops on surface water quality

A. N. Sharpley and S. J. Smith

 

Effect of cereal grain winter cover crops on surface water pollutant transport from Coastal Plain corn production systems

K. W. Staver and R. B. Brinsfield

 

Water quality impacts of winter rye cover with selected best management practices in Pennsylvania

J. M. Hamlett and K. Brannan

 

Soybean tillage and cover crop effects on water runoff and soil erosion
Monroe Rasnake

 

GROUNDWATER IMPACTS

 

Effect of cover crops on groundwater quality

J. J. Meisinger, W. L. Hargrove, R. L. Mikkelsen, J. R. Williams, and V. W. Benson

 

Impact of annual cropping on shallow groundwater quality in the Northern Great Plains

G. J. Beke

 

Tillage and cover crop effects on nitrate leaching

G. V. Wilson, D. D. Tyler, J. Logan, and K. Turnage

 

Evapotranspiration and nitrogen accumulation in a winter rye cover crop in the northern Corn Belt

D. C. Reicosky and D.D. Warnes

 

Influence of fall tillage and cover crops on soil water and nitrogen use efficiency of corn grown on a Coastal Plain soil

D. W. Reeves and J. T. Touchton

 

Relating nitrogen uptake by cereal grain winter cover crops to changes in groundwater nitrate concentration

K. W. Staver, R. B. Brinsfield, and W. L. Magette

 

Use of ceral grain cover crops for reducing groundwater nitrate contamination in the Chesapeake Bay region

R. B. Brinsfield and K. W. Staver

 

Cultivation of cover crops to control nitrate leaching

M. Smukalski, Jutta Rogasik, and Susanne Obenauf

 

NITROGEN CYCLING

Role of cover crops in nitrogen cycling

John W. Doran and M. Scott Smith

 

Soil nitrogen movement under winter cover crops and residues

Greg D. Hoyt and Robert L. Mikkelsen

 

Influence of cover crops on denitrification and nitrogen mineralization

C. F. Drury, J. A. Stone, and W. I. Findlay

 

Effects of winter cover crops on corn yield in Parana, Brazil

Ademir Calegari

 

Benefits of a winter legume cover crop to corn: Rotation versus fixed-nitrogen effects

H. A. Torbert and D. W. Reeves

 

Rye nitrogen cycling for corn and potato production

G. K. Evanylo

 

Decomposition and nitrogen recycling of cover crops and crop residues

Z. C. Somda, P. B. Ford, and W. L. Hargrove

 

Effect of cover crops on cycling of nitrogen and phosphorus in a winter wheat-corn sequence

R. A. Samson, C. M. Foulds, and D. G. Patriquin

 

SOIL PRODUCTIVITY

 

Role of cover crops in recovery and maintenance of soil productivity

R. R. Bruce, P. F. Hendrix, and G. W. Langdale

 

Fall-planted spring oats: A low-risk cover crop to reduce erosion following soybeans

Steven J. Corak, Thomas C. Kaspar, and Robert Horton

 

Long-run impacts of cover crops on yield, farm income, and nitrogen recycling

Thyrele Robertson, Verel Benson, Jimmy R. Williams, Charles H. Lander, and David L. Schertz

 

SPECIES SELECTION

 

Development and evaluation of germplasm and cultivars of cover crops

J. R. Sims and A. E. Slinkard

 

Adaption of legume species as cover crops in no-till systems

B. N. Duck and D. D. Tyler

 

Legumes in rotation with corn in southeastern Nebraska

P. T. Koerner and J. F. Power

 

Native winter cover shows potential in no-till cotton

J. S. Parkman and L. H. Bloodworth

 

Development of caley pea for cover crop use

J. A. Mosjidis, Charles M. Owsley, and Malcome Kirkland

 

New cool-season legumes for use in conservation tillage

C. M. Owsleyand W. L. Hargrove

 

Cooperative efforts of the Soil Conservation Service in developing and evaluating U.S. cover crops

David G. Lorenz and Jerry Lemunyon

 

WEED AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT

 

Role of cover crops in weed management and water quality

A. Douglas Worsham

 

Mechanical control of legume cover crops

Seth M. Dabney, Normie W. Buehring, and Dennis B. Reginelli

 

Cover crop management for soybean production in northern Missouri

Z. R. Helsel, N. C. Wollenhaupt, and K. D. Kephart

 

Effects of a winter rye cover crop system and available soil water on weed control and yield in soybeans

D. D. Warnes, J. H. Ford, C. V. Eberlein, and W. E. Lueschen

 

Weed management in corn polyculture systems

Jane Mt. Pleasant and Thomas W. Scott

 

Cover crop effects on weeds, diseases, and insects of vegetables

Sharad C. Phatak, Robert L. Bugg, Donald R. Sumner, J. Danny Gay, Kathryn E. Brunson, and Richard B. Chalfant

 

Suppression of black root rot on cotton by winter legume cover crops

C. S. Rothrock and S. R. Kendig

 

PEST CONTROL

 

Cover crops and control of arthropod pests of agriculture

Robert L, Bugg

 

Cover crop, nitrogen, and insect interactions

B. Warren Roberts and Bob Cartwright

 

INTEGRATED PRODUCTION

 

Role of cover crops in integrated crop production systems

J. F. Power and V. O. Biederbeck

 

Strip management of crimson clover as a reseeding cover crop in no-till corn

N. N. Rannells and M. G. Wagger

 

Crimson clover in a reduced-chemical-input cropping system

M. G. Cook and L D. King

 

Cover crop management systems for broccoli

Francis X. Mangan, Stephen J. Herbert, and Gerald L. Litchjield

 

On-farm evaluation of legume interseedings in broccoli

C. M. Foulds, K. A. Stewart, and R. A. Samson

 

Economics of no-till corn planted into winter cover crops

J. Bowden, L. Jordan, and D. Biehle

 

The promise of strip intercropping: Is it economically viable

Craig Chase and Michael Duffy

 

INTEGRATED CROP-LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS

 

Use of cover crops with integrated crop-livestock production systems

J. C. Gardner and D. B. Faulkner

 

Improved use of fertilizer, land, and climatic resources by interseeding a cool-season grass into a warm-season grass

S. R. Wilkinson and J. A. Stuedemann

 

On-farm economic and environmental impacts of cover on corn silage ground on a limited-resource-based Tennessee dairy farm

Burton C. English, Thyrele Robertson, Madadev Bhat, and Bary Bullen

 

Winter cover crop management in a high rainfall region with large populations of waterfowl

W. D.Temple, A. A. Bomke, and T. Duynstee

 

Preface

Conference Planning Committee

 

Increasing concerns about the influence of agriculture on water quality served as the backdrop for the conference on which this book is based. The Soil and Water Conservation Society and its Legumes in Conservation Tillage Systems Task Force saw the need to collect and disseminate new and old information on cover crops and their role in water quality. The result was a conference held April 9-11, 1991, in Jackson, Tennessee.

 

This publication is intended to summarize, augment, and extend the information presented at that conference. The papers presented herein include the latest information on the role of cover crops in water quality management, including reducing water runoff, soil erosion, agrichemicals lost in runoff, and nitrate leaching to groundwater.

 

The large number of cooperating and supporting agencies for the conference and this book is testimony to the importance and urgency of water quality problems and to the potential benefits of cover crop management. It is our hope that this proceedings will provide a base of information that can be used to improve water quality through soil and crop management strategies that use cover crop technologies.

 

The planning committee thanks the Soil and Water Conservation Society for sponsoring the conference and the many cooperating organizations and agencies for their support, including the American Society of Agronomy; Crop Science Society of America; ICI Americas; Land Improvement Contractors of America; Milan Experiment Station; Monsanto Agricultural Company; Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.; Soil Science Society of America; Agricultural Research Department, National Fertilizer & Environemntal Research Center, Tennessee Valley Authority; Truax Company, Inc.; the US. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, Cooperative State Research Service (Low-Input Sustainable Agriculture program), and Soil Conservation Service; University of Tennessee; and West Tennessee Experiment Station.

 

Financial support for these proceedings, in particular, came from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service and the NationalFertilizer & EnvironmentalReserchCenter of the Tennessee Valley Authority.


Suggested Citation
Hargrove, W.L., ed. 1991. Cover Crops for Clean Water. Ankeny, IA: Soil and Water Conservation Society.

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