November 20, 2017

Cover Crops for Clean Water

Cover Crops for Clean Water
Edited by W.L. Hargrove
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Front Matter




The Challenge of Clean Water

Don O. Richardson




Expectations of cover crops for sustainable agriculture

R. Lal, E. Regnier, D. J. Eckert, W. M. Edwards, and R. Hammond


An information data base on cover crops

Jill ShoreAuburn and Robert Bugg




Cover crop effects on soil erosion by wind and water

G. W. Langdale, R. L. Blevins, D. L. Karlen, D. K. McCool, M. A. Nearing, E. L. Skidmore, A. W. Thomas, D. D. Tyler, and J. R. Williams


Effects of crop residue and tillage practices on water infilitration and crop production

George C. Naderman

Soil surface condition effects on runoff and erosion on selected vineyard soils

P.J.E. Louw and A.T.P. Bennie


Cover crop experience in South Coastal British Columbia

Geoff A. Hughes-Games and Ron A. Bertrand


Oat cover cropping in sugarcane for weed and erosion control in Hawaii

Carl I. Evensen and Robert V. Osgood


Permanent cover crops for vineyards

Frederick B. Gaffney and Martin van der Grinten


Conservation of soil and water by using a new tillage system for row crops

Manfred Estler


Cover crops for wind erosion control in semiarid regions

J. D. Bilbro


Measuring cover crop soil moisture competition in north coastal California vineyards

Phillip Blake




Effect of cover crops on surface water quality

A. N. Sharpley and S. J. Smith


Effect of cereal grain winter cover crops on surface water pollutant transport from Coastal Plain corn production systems

K. W. Staver and R. B. Brinsfield


Water quality impacts of winter rye cover with selected best management practices in Pennsylvania

J. M. Hamlett and K. Brannan


Soybean tillage and cover crop effects on water runoff and soil erosion
Monroe Rasnake




Effect of cover crops on groundwater quality

J. J. Meisinger, W. L. Hargrove, R. L. Mikkelsen, J. R. Williams, and V. W. Benson


Impact of annual cropping on shallow groundwater quality in the Northern Great Plains

G. J. Beke


Tillage and cover crop effects on nitrate leaching

G. V. Wilson, D. D. Tyler, J. Logan, and K. Turnage


Evapotranspiration and nitrogen accumulation in a winter rye cover crop in the northern Corn Belt

D. C. Reicosky and D.D. Warnes


Influence of fall tillage and cover crops on soil water and nitrogen use efficiency of corn grown on a Coastal Plain soil

D. W. Reeves and J. T. Touchton


Relating nitrogen uptake by cereal grain winter cover crops to changes in groundwater nitrate concentration

K. W. Staver, R. B. Brinsfield, and W. L. Magette


Use of ceral grain cover crops for reducing groundwater nitrate contamination in the Chesapeake Bay region

R. B. Brinsfield and K. W. Staver


Cultivation of cover crops to control nitrate leaching

M. Smukalski, Jutta Rogasik, and Susanne Obenauf



Role of cover crops in nitrogen cycling

John W. Doran and M. Scott Smith


Soil nitrogen movement under winter cover crops and residues

Greg D. Hoyt and Robert L. Mikkelsen


Influence of cover crops on denitrification and nitrogen mineralization

C. F. Drury, J. A. Stone, and W. I. Findlay


Effects of winter cover crops on corn yield in Parana, Brazil

Ademir Calegari


Benefits of a winter legume cover crop to corn: Rotation versus fixed-nitrogen effects

H. A. Torbert and D. W. Reeves


Rye nitrogen cycling for corn and potato production

G. K. Evanylo


Decomposition and nitrogen recycling of cover crops and crop residues

Z. C. Somda, P. B. Ford, and W. L. Hargrove


Effect of cover crops on cycling of nitrogen and phosphorus in a winter wheat-corn sequence

R. A. Samson, C. M. Foulds, and D. G. Patriquin




Role of cover crops in recovery and maintenance of soil productivity

R. R. Bruce, P. F. Hendrix, and G. W. Langdale


Fall-planted spring oats: A low-risk cover crop to reduce erosion following soybeans

Steven J. Corak, Thomas C. Kaspar, and Robert Horton


Long-run impacts of cover crops on yield, farm income, and nitrogen recycling

Thyrele Robertson, Verel Benson, Jimmy R. Williams, Charles H. Lander, and David L. Schertz




Development and evaluation of germplasm and cultivars of cover crops

J. R. Sims and A. E. Slinkard


Adaption of legume species as cover crops in no-till systems

B. N. Duck and D. D. Tyler


Legumes in rotation with corn in southeastern Nebraska

P. T. Koerner and J. F. Power


Native winter cover shows potential in no-till cotton

J. S. Parkman and L. H. Bloodworth


Development of caley pea for cover crop use

J. A. Mosjidis, Charles M. Owsley, and Malcome Kirkland


New cool-season legumes for use in conservation tillage

C. M. Owsleyand W. L. Hargrove


Cooperative efforts of the Soil Conservation Service in developing and evaluating U.S. cover crops

David G. Lorenz and Jerry Lemunyon




Role of cover crops in weed management and water quality

A. Douglas Worsham


Mechanical control of legume cover crops

Seth M. Dabney, Normie W. Buehring, and Dennis B. Reginelli


Cover crop management for soybean production in northern Missouri

Z. R. Helsel, N. C. Wollenhaupt, and K. D. Kephart


Effects of a winter rye cover crop system and available soil water on weed control and yield in soybeans

D. D. Warnes, J. H. Ford, C. V. Eberlein, and W. E. Lueschen


Weed management in corn polyculture systems

Jane Mt. Pleasant and Thomas W. Scott


Cover crop effects on weeds, diseases, and insects of vegetables

Sharad C. Phatak, Robert L. Bugg, Donald R. Sumner, J. Danny Gay, Kathryn E. Brunson, and Richard B. Chalfant


Suppression of black root rot on cotton by winter legume cover crops

C. S. Rothrock and S. R. Kendig




Cover crops and control of arthropod pests of agriculture

Robert L, Bugg


Cover crop, nitrogen, and insect interactions

B. Warren Roberts and Bob Cartwright




Role of cover crops in integrated crop production systems

J. F. Power and V. O. Biederbeck


Strip management of crimson clover as a reseeding cover crop in no-till corn

N. N. Rannells and M. G. Wagger


Crimson clover in a reduced-chemical-input cropping system

M. G. Cook and L D. King


Cover crop management systems for broccoli

Francis X. Mangan, Stephen J. Herbert, and Gerald L. Litchjield


On-farm evaluation of legume interseedings in broccoli

C. M. Foulds, K. A. Stewart, and R. A. Samson


Economics of no-till corn planted into winter cover crops

J. Bowden, L. Jordan, and D. Biehle


The promise of strip intercropping: Is it economically viable

Craig Chase and Michael Duffy




Use of cover crops with integrated crop-livestock production systems

J. C. Gardner and D. B. Faulkner


Improved use of fertilizer, land, and climatic resources by interseeding a cool-season grass into a warm-season grass

S. R. Wilkinson and J. A. Stuedemann


On-farm economic and environmental impacts of cover on corn silage ground on a limited-resource-based Tennessee dairy farm

Burton C. English, Thyrele Robertson, Madadev Bhat, and Bary Bullen


Winter cover crop management in a high rainfall region with large populations of waterfowl

W. D.Temple, A. A. Bomke, and T. Duynstee



Conference Planning Committee


Increasing concerns about the influence of agriculture on water quality served as the backdrop for the conference on which this book is based. The Soil and Water Conservation Society and its Legumes in Conservation Tillage Systems Task Force saw the need to collect and disseminate new and old information on cover crops and their role in water quality. The result was a conference held April 9-11, 1991, in Jackson, Tennessee.


This publication is intended to summarize, augment, and extend the information presented at that conference. The papers presented herein include the latest information on the role of cover crops in water quality management, including reducing water runoff, soil erosion, agrichemicals lost in runoff, and nitrate leaching to groundwater.


The large number of cooperating and supporting agencies for the conference and this book is testimony to the importance and urgency of water quality problems and to the potential benefits of cover crop management. It is our hope that this proceedings will provide a base of information that can be used to improve water quality through soil and crop management strategies that use cover crop technologies.


The planning committee thanks the Soil and Water Conservation Society for sponsoring the conference and the many cooperating organizations and agencies for their support, including the American Society of Agronomy; Crop Science Society of America; ICI Americas; Land Improvement Contractors of America; Milan Experiment Station; Monsanto Agricultural Company; Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.; Soil Science Society of America; Agricultural Research Department, National Fertilizer & Environemntal Research Center, Tennessee Valley Authority; Truax Company, Inc.; the US. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, Cooperative State Research Service (Low-Input Sustainable Agriculture program), and Soil Conservation Service; University of Tennessee; and West Tennessee Experiment Station.


Financial support for these proceedings, in particular, came from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service and the NationalFertilizer & EnvironmentalReserchCenter of the Tennessee Valley Authority.

Suggested Citation
Hargrove, W.L., ed. 1991. Cover Crops for Clean Water. Ankeny, IA: Soil and Water Conservation Society.

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